可視化ベッセルによる田下凝灰岩の三軸圧縮クリープの観察

1.はじめに

2.試験方法

 2.1 試料岩石と試験装置

 2.2 写真撮影と横変位の測定

3.三軸圧縮強度試験結果

4.三軸圧縮クリープ試験結果

5. 考察

 5.1 3次クリープにおける軸歪と横歪

 5.2 クリープ寿命の予測

6.まとめ

参考文献

キーワード:岩石,凝灰岩,クリープ,三軸圧縮試験,可視化,横方向変形


Observation of the Tri-axial Compressive Creep of Tage Tuff placed within a Transparent Vessel

Abstract

It is essential for underground development to understand the failure process of rock subjected to tri-axial compression. Okubo et al. developed a transparent tri-axial vessel made of an acrylic acid resin, and succeeded in observing the failure process of rock specimens in tri-axial compression test. In this study, tri-axial creep tests of Tage tuff were conducted within the transparent vessel.
A creep test usually requires longer time than a compression test and it is not feasible to take a photograph continuously at every predetermined time interval. Therefore, in this study, the photographing system was developed which cooperated with the existing loading and measuring apparatuses. This system made it possible to take a series of photographs of a specimen in the tertiary creep region. Photographs taken in a tri-axial test were processed to obtain axial and lateral deformations by the computer program developed in this study.
After careful examination of axial and lateral deformations, it was found that the creep strain (axial strain) just before failure was nearly equal to the cross sectional width of the stress-strain curve at the creep stress level, and that not only axial but also lateral strain-rates in the tertiary creep region were inversely proportional to the residual time up to the failure. And it was also found that ratio of the lateral and axial strain increases in the tertiary creep region were similar to those of the tri-axial compression test just after the strength failure point.

Key words: Rock, Tuff, Creep, Tri-axial Compression Test, Visualization, Lateral Deformation